The plant has been spread to many new locations as a result of human activity and it is considered a serious weed in Fiji, where locals call it Ellington's curse.  It thrives in dry, saline, or sodic soils. More information about Vachellia farnesiana. Description Small tree to about 10-25ft, having prominent thorns. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. synonymised Vachellia peninsularis and V. insularis under Acacia pinetorum.. Vachellia farnesiana is a small, spiny, much-branched, deciduous shrub or tree with a wide, low crown; it can grow 2 - 7 metres tall. It was introduced to Europe, the Middle East, India, Africa, and recently Gran Canaria and Hawaii. The tree makes good forage for bees. Acacia smallii, considered specifically distinct from Vachellia farnesiana by Isely (1990), represents some of the variation displayed by V. farnesiana var farnesiana. â The African acacias, well-protected though they may be by their thorns, use distasteful chemicals in their leaves as a second line of defence. USDA Hardiness Zone: 8b - 11 Mature Height: 20 to 40 ft Mature Spread: 20 to 30 ft Growth Rate: Medium Availability: Rare in large size, locally in small sizes Drought Tolerance: High Salt Tolerance: Moderate Light Requirements: Full sun Soil Drainage: Tolerates well-drained sites to occasionally wet sites pinetorum in 2002 by Clarke, Seigler and Ebinger (rendering the nominate form A. farnesiana subsp. There is a very rare species, Vachellia macranthera, occasionally cultivated. In 1806 Carl Ludwig Willdenow moved this taxon to the genus Acacia.. Culture should be similar to V. farnesiana. var. , In 1936 Cory moved Vachellia densiflora to Acacia densiflora, but as this name had already been used for another taxon and was therefore invalidated sensu Cory, in 1969 this taxon was renamed A. smallii by Isely. Var. Acacia pedunculata Willd. densiflora (Alexander ex Small) Beauchamp", "Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin", "Discover Life - Fabaceae: Acacia farnesiana (L. ) Willd. Mimosa bush (Acacia farnesiana, syn. This wasn't widely followed, nonetheless in 1933 Small verified Alexander's name Vachellia densiflora for plants growing in Louisiana, and awarded V. peninsularis and V. insularis to different populations of the plants growing in Florida. This taxon was moved to Acacia minuta by R.Mitchel Beauchamp in 1980. Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. BASIONYM: Vachellia farnesiana (Linnaeus) Wight & Arnott 1834; Mimosa farnesiana Linnaeus 1753. SWEET ACACIA, MEALY WATTLE. , A black pigment is extracted from the bark and fruit. It has long been thought to be native to the Philippines and Australia, having spread there by natural means, because plants were collected there before colonisation in 1788, it was distributed throughout the country, indigenous knowledge on the plant is extensive, and recent (2017) DNA investigations show this as most likely. Gardeners can select for this in younger plants, and properly prune it to maintain a single trunk.  In 1753 Linnaeus used Aldini's work as basis for his taxon Mimosa farnesiana. The base of each leaf is accompanied by a pair of thorns on the branch.  The concentration of tannin in the seed pods is about 23%. Published online. Scientific: Vachellia farnesiana (formerly Acacia farnesiana) and Vachellia farnesiana var. Flowers of the plant provide the perfume essence from which the biologically important sesquiterpenoid farnesol is named. In 1809 Willdenow described Acacia acicularis from Central America collected and named during Humboldt and Bonpland's scientific expedition to the Americas. Vachellia farnesiana, also known as Acacia farnesiana, and previously Mimosa farnesiana, commonly known as sweet acacia, huisache or needle bush, is a species of shrub or small tree in the legume family, Fabaceae. The Australian name needle bush came about because of the numerous thorns distributed along its branches. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Department of Botany. 1809. Vachellia farnesiana, also known as Acacia farnesiana, commonly known as Needle Bush, is so named because of the numerous thorns distributed along its branches.The native range of V. farnesiana is uncertain. United States, AZ, Globe. Vachellia farnesiana in Kew Science Plants of the World online. This species is very similar and sometimes classified as identical to Acacia caven. Vachellia farnesiana, previously known as Acacia farnesiana, commonly known as Needle Bush, is so named because of the numerous thorns distributed along its branches. Partly due to its wide distributional range the taxon has attracted many synonyms. Scientific name: Vachellia farnesiana Pronunciation: Va-KEL-lee-a far-nee-zee-AY-nuh Common name(s): sweet acacia, Huisache Family: Fabaceae orLeguminosae USDA hardiness zones: 9A through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: the original range is uncertain but is thought to be tropical America UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: not considered a problem species at this time, may be recommended Uses: specimen; street without sidewalk; container or planter; reclamation; highway median; bonsai Reference page.  Acacia lenticellata was described in 1859 for the plants found growing throughout Australia.. farnesiana: PLANTS: Acacia minuta ssp. Mimosa farnesiana L. Mimosa suaveolens Salisb. 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